Top 10 Hindu Countries: Exploring the Global Landscape of Hinduism


Hinduism, one of the world’s oldest religions, has a profound influence across various countries, shaping cultures, traditions, and identities. In this article, we delve into the top 10 Hindu countries, exploring the vibrant tapestry of Hindu culture around the world.

Quick Data Overview

Here’s a quick glance at the top 10 Hindu countries based on the population of Hindus:

Rank Country Hindu Population (Millions)
1 India 1,038
2 Nepal 29.2
3 Bangladesh 14.3
4 Indonesia 4.0
5 Pakistan 3.3
6 Sri Lanka 2.8
7 United States 2.23
8 Mauritius 0.7
9 Fiji 0.4

Now, let’s explore each country in detail:

1. India: The Heartland of Hinduism

India, the birthplace of Hinduism, boasts the largest Hindu population in the world. With over a billion followers, Hinduism permeates every aspect of Indian life, from festivals to rituals, and from art to philosophy.

Hinduism’s Rich Tapestry in India

In India, Hinduism is not just a religion but a way of life. It encompasses a myriad of traditions, beliefs, and practices that vary from region to region. From the colorful celebrations of Diwali and Holi to the sacred pilgrimages to Varanasi and Rishikesh, India pulsates with the essence of Hindu spirituality.

2. Nepal: Where Hinduism Meets the Himalayas

Nepal, nestled in the Himalayan mountains, is home to a significant Hindu population. Despite being a secular state, Hinduism holds immense cultural and religious significance in Nepal.

Pashupatinath Temple: A Sacred Haven

Pashupatinath Temple, located in Kathmandu, is one of the holiest Hindu shrines in Nepal. Dedicated to Lord Shiva, this ancient temple attracts thousands of devotees and pilgrims from around the world.

3. Bangladesh: Hinduism Amidst Diversity

Bangladesh, although predominantly Muslim, is home to a sizable Hindu minority. Hinduism in Bangladesh is characterized by its syncretic nature, blending with local traditions and customs.

Durga Puja: A Grand Celebration

Durga Puja, the largest festival for Bengali Hindus, is celebrated with great fervor and enthusiasm in Bangladesh. It symbolizes the triumph of good over evil and is marked by vibrant processions and elaborate rituals.

4. Indonesia: Hinduism in the Archipelago

Indonesia, known for its diverse culture and religions, is home to a significant Hindu population, particularly on the island of Bali.

Bali: The Island of Gods

Bali, often referred to as the “Island of Gods,” is the epicenter of Hinduism in Indonesia. Balinese Hinduism, characterized by its unique rituals and ceremonies, coexists harmoniously with the island’s rich cultural heritage.

5. Pakistan: Hinduism’s Presence in the Land of Indus

Pakistan, although predominantly Muslim, has a notable Hindu minority concentrated mainly in the Sindh province.

Hinglaj Mata Temple: A Sacred Site

Hinglaj Mata Temple, located in Balochistan, is one of the most revered Hindu shrines in Pakistan. Devotees flock to this ancient temple to seek blessings and spiritual solace.

6. Sri Lanka: A Blend of Buddhism and Hinduism

Sri Lanka, famous for its Buddhist heritage, also has a significant Hindu population, particularly among the Tamil community.

Koneswaram Temple: A Testament to Hindu Heritage

Koneswaram Temple, situated in Trincomalee, is a renowned Hindu pilgrimage site in Sri Lanka. Perched atop a cliff overlooking the Indian Ocean, this temple attracts pilgrims and tourists alike.

7. United States: Hinduism in the Diaspora

The United States is home to a vibrant Hindu diaspora, with significant concentrations in states like California, New York, and New Jersey.

Hindu Temples Across America

From the iconic BAPS Shri Swaminarayan Mandir in Atlanta to the vibrant temples in Silicon Valley, Hinduism thrives in the United States, serving as a beacon of cultural identity and spiritual nourishment for millions of immigrants.

8. Mauritius: Preserving Hindu Traditions

Mauritius, a small island nation in the Indian Ocean, boasts a diverse population, with Hindus comprising a significant portion.

Ganga Talao: Mauritius’ Sacred Lake

Ganga Talao, also known as Grand Bassin, is a sacred crater lake in Mauritius, revered by Hindus as a manifestation of the Ganges River. It serves as a focal point for religious ceremonies and pilgrimages.

9. Fiji: Hinduism in the Pacific

Fiji, a tropical paradise in the South Pacific, has a sizable Hindu community, largely descended from Indian indentured laborers.

Diwali: A Festival of Lights in Fiji

Diwali, the festival of lights, holds immense significance for Fijian Hindus. The island comes alive with colorful decorations, firecrackers, and traditional feasts, marking the triumph of light over darkness.

10. Guyana: Hinduism’s Legacy in South America

Guyana, situated on the northern coast of South America, has a rich cultural tapestry shaped by its diverse population, including a significant Hindu community.

Temples of Georgetown

Georgetown, the capital city of Guyana, is dotted with magnificent Hindu temples that stand as a testament to the enduring legacy of Hinduism in the region. These temples serve as centers of worship and cultural preservation for Guyanese Hindus.

FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)

Q. What is the significance of Hinduism in these countries?

A. Hinduism plays a vital role in shaping the cultural, religious, and social fabric of these nations, contributing to their diversity and heritage.

Q. How has Hinduism spread beyond its traditional heartland?

A. Through migration, trade, and cultural exchange, Hinduism has found footholds in various parts of the world, adapting to local contexts while retaining its core principles.

Q. What are some common Hindu festivals celebrated in these countries?

A. Diwali, Holi, Navratri, and Durga Puja are among the major Hindu festivals celebrated with zeal and enthusiasm in these countries.

Q. What challenges do Hindus face in countries where they are minorities?

A. Hindus in minority communities often encounter issues related to discrimination, religious freedom, and cultural preservation.

Q. How do these countries contribute to the global diversity of Hinduism?

A. Each of these countries brings unique customs, traditions, and practices to the global tapestry of Hinduism, enriching its diversity and dynamism.


The top 10 Hindu countries offer a fascinating glimpse into the global spread and enduring legacy of Hinduism. From the bustling streets of India to the tranquil shores of Fiji, Hinduism continues to thrive and evolve, transcending geographical boundaries and enriching the lives of millions around the world. As we celebrate the rich tapestry of Hindu culture and tradition, let us embrace the diversity that unites us in our shared spiritual journey.